Ausbildung-Vocational Training

The end of school is slowly approaching and the question arises: What do I do afterwards? Of course there are many possibilities. Among other things: the Vocational training (Ausbildung) or Dual-Education. But here, too, most people need a little help with orientation. Finally, there are various forms of training , for example . We tell you why training fairs are helpful and how the training forms differ. 

What is VET-vocational training?

Germany’s dual-track vocational training program-AUSBILDUNG, known as the VET, is the route that around half a million apprentices in Germany take to a skilled profession every year. At the same time, a company or public sector institution hosts the apprentices where they gain practical knowledge and hands-on experience. 

The dual-track VET’s two components are: classroom study in specialized trade schools and supervised, on-the-job work experience. Over the course of two to four years, apprentices spend a couple of days a week. Blocks of several weeks at a time, at a vocational school (Berufsschule) where they obtain theoretical knowledge for their occupation of choice. (Classes also include German, English, and social studies.) Company or public sector institution hosts the apprentices where they gain practical knowledge and hands-on experience. The novices usually spend 60 percent of their time in the workplace under supervision of a certified trainer. 40 percent in the classroom.

Expectations from Ausbildung?

The host companies’ pay apprentices a monthly salary? It is averages nearly €800. The sum increases every year of the apprenticeship. 

Types of Vocational Training-Ausbildung:
  • Dual vocational training (“Duale Berufsausbildung”),IHK training (IHK Ausbildung)-typically taught at a Berufsschule with practical experience obtained from companies. This is the most sought out form as it pays the student a minimum salary and has the most job vacancies in the job market. (duration: 2-3.5 years)
  • School-based vocational training (“Schulische Ausbildung”) -regular school based training provided at “Berufsfachschule” or “Berufskolleg” with practical on-the-job training being provided only on a complementary and extended basis. Salary is not paid (exception: nursing courses- salary is paid only for the on-the-job training period. (duration: 3-5 years including on-the-job training period)
  • Dual vocational degree (“Ausbildungsorientiertes duales Studium”) -this Dual degree is taught by Universities or “Berufsakademie”. It requires German University entrance qualification (completion of Abitur; the German Board examination for Gymnasium students or equivalent). Students receive a certified degree and on-the job-training/work experience (limited to 2 years) certificate. A trainee level salary is paid during training period. (duration: 3-5 years including on-the job-training period)
Do you want to know details?

More tips you can find in Tips for Ausbildung.

As well as you can check out the IHK information book (available only in German language).



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